Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that can be present at birth
or develop later in childhood, often during adolescence. Most cases of
scoliosis are mild, but the condition can worsen over time, especially
during growth spurts that occur during adolescence. Scoliosis tends to
runs in families, and girls are more likely than boys to be diagnosed with it.
A healthy spine has a natural front-to-back curve, but in a patient with
scoliosis a portion of the spine curves sideways, causing uneven distribution
of weight and stress on the spine, which can become disabling and disfiguring.
The abnormal curve of the spine caused by scoliosis is usually S- or C-shaped,
and the severity of the curve is measured in degrees. The larger the degree
and the younger the patient, the more likely the scoliosis will get worse
and need treatment from a scoliosis doctor in New York. The four pattern
types of scoliosis are named for their location within the spine: thoracic,
lumbar, thoracolumbar, or multiple curves.
What Causes Scoliosis?
Most cases of scoliosis have no known cause. Sometimes the causes can be
congenital or neuromuscular. Congenital scoliosis is a birth defect in
which the spine develops abnormally in the womb and can be identified
at an early age. Neuromuscular scoliosis is scoliosis caused by disorders
such as cerebral palsy, spinal cord trauma, muscular dystrophy, spinal
muscular atrophy, and spina bifida. These cases are often severe and require
surgery. Adolescent scoliosis refers to a spinal curve that develops in
younger children with no known cause. In some cases, no scoliosis treatments
are necessary. Progression of adolescent scoliosis usually stops or slows
after the child stops growing, but in some cases ongoing medical surveillance
may be necessary.
New York's Scoliosis Specialists
The Center for Comprehensive Spine Care in New York provides the full range
of scoliosis treatments. Contact us to learn more about our advanced treatment
options or to find an experienced scoliosis doctor in New York.
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